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MOQUET, L., BRUYERE, L. PIRARD, B. & JAC..., 2017, Nectar foragers contribute to the pollin...

Type de document :Article
Auteur(s) et année :MOQUET, L., BRUYERE, L. PIRARD, B. & JACQUEMART, A.-L. (2017)
Titre :Nectar foragers contribute to the pollination of buzz-pollinated plant species
Références :American Journal of Botany, 104 (10): 1-13.
Résumé :

Pollination performance may depend on the type of floral resource (pollen or nectar) foraged by visitors. In buzz-pollinated plant species, the poricidal anthers release pollen during active pollen collection that induces flower vibrations. These buzz-pollinated species generally do not produce nectar. Nevertheless, several Ericaceae are buzz-pollinated and produce nectar. We estimated the relative eff ectiveness of visitors according to the type of resource collected, nectar or pollen (buzzing). We compared the relative performance of pollen removal, transport, and deposition (effectiveness) of the main insect visitors on four ericaceous species: three buzz-pollinated species with different pore sizes, Erica tetralix, Vaccinium myrtillus, and V. vitis-idaea; and one non-buzz-pollinated species, Calluna vulgaris. Bumblebees were the main pollinators for the three buzz-pollinated species, whereas hoverflies were the main pollinators for the non-buzz-pollinated generalist C. vulgaris. For the studied plant species, we observed no difference in pollination effectiveness among bumblebee species. Buzzing bumblebees were the most effective visitors for pollination per flower visit for the two Vaccinium species, whereas nectar foragers were the most effective visitors for pollination of E. tetralix. In the case of Vaccinium myrtillus, nectar foragers contributed the most to pollination success because they were more abundant than pollen foragers. We showed that consideration of the resource collected by visitors and their behavior is necessary to compare their relative performance. The combination of visitation rate and effectiveness per visit reveals that nectar foragers make a substantial contribution to pollination of the buzz-pollinated ericaceous species.

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